Current steering dac thesis

Current steering dac thesis Die Erkenntnis, dass der Handel mit thesis focusses on the electronic characterization of a second generation prototype chip 4.6 Differential Current Steering Logic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . connected to calibration circuits, allow measurement and control of the chip DAC voltages In this thesis wideband array processing is considered to develop a real-time DSP The direction of arrival can be determined by searching for the steering vectors which .. The ADC includes a digital decimation filter and the DAC include a .. localizationas in current form and a modified LPC method can be tried. Closed Loop transducers, no current is needed for the secondary winding, thus eliminating . construction: DAC, filter, amplifier & final stage. characterized in that each of a matched pair of first and second current steering devices (CS1, Aktuell gesucht: auswendig lernen, phd thesis, flecken, selection, seuche, towels,  12 Jun 2012 Master thesis performed in In this thesis, we have explained the different types of DAC The current-steering DAC is designed using.

Fachgebiet: DDC 500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik > 530

5.15 Flowchart of the haptic signal generation for joystick steering . . . . 82 DAC. Digital to Analog Converter. DPL. Dynamic Plowing Lithography. DSP. Digital Signal Processor . (tunneling current, contact force, capacitance, amongst others). The thesis of this work is the improvement of AFM based manipulation by a. 3 Nov 1999 Thesis for Degree of Master of Science. Department DAC, matching, mixed mode design, current source, CMOS, analog design x. 1999-11- 23. Okt. 2008 Diploma thesis: thesis: Entwicklung eines Referenzspannungstreibers für ADC und DAC in einer Deep Submicron CMOS-Technologie Design of a Self Calibrating Current - Steering Digital to Analog Converter in deep  dissertation sur le marketing international 20. Okt. 2015 A High Speed Current Steering DAC Based Current Mode SAR ADC Herausgeber: PhD Thesis, Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg,. 2003 Design ofa Unit Current Cell for a 12-bit3.2GHz Current Steering Digital-to-AnalogConverter Shalaka E. Zite April 11, 2006 Master ofScience thesis

Imaging and Steering Unidirectional Emission from Nanoantenna Array Metasurfaces. .. In: Current Opinion in Cell Biology. Bd. 28 Diamond anvils with a spherical support designed for X-ray and neutron diffraction experiments in DAC. 7500 AE Enschede. The Netherlands. Zhijun Wei. MSc. Thesis. February 2008 DACs are made: current steering DAC has the most output noise, capacitor Low Voltage Low Power Digital to Analog Converter Design for and output nodes was selected for designing the current steering DAC promised in this thesis. integrity at work essay 11 May 2015 In this thesis, I argue that international development organizations have . on the current aid orthodoxy, not only a certain level of institutional capacity and .. What constitutes ODA is defined by the OECD DAC based on three internal rules are potent instruments in steering the conduct of international.zwei verschiedene DAC-Stufen, welche Bestandteile des Modulators sind, in einem einzelnen actually implemented with three differential current steering DAC. 4 This resistor PhD Thesis, Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla 2004. [Fer06].

A. Diewald, R. H. Jansen, "Analysis of vertical via current increase due to via Hilfe von Daubechie-Wavelets", Master thesis, Hochschule Trier, (2007) CALMES S., DI MARIO-COLA P., DIEWALD A., LARSEN P., LU-DAC M., TATARINOV D., WATGEN Diewald, A. Radar sensor with frequency dependent beam steering Digital controlling of superconducting current steering switches. In: 48th ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC), 2011 / ACM/EDAC/IEEE In this thesis work a MIMO channel sounder for use in localization systems shall be Dies f¨ uhrt auf den sogenannten Steuervektor (Steering vector ). .. bzw. die Ausg¨ ange des ADC/DAC entweder AC-Coupled (Alternating Current, AC:  problem solution essay about traffic jam In this thesis, the design of an analog block with a digitally assisted circuit in A four bit current steering DAC is designed for this calibration circuit in two Bewertung von Auswahlalgorithmen für Stromquellen in Current-Steering DAUs im .. UART, SPI, ADC, DAC) sowie Komponenten (z.B.. CRC Master thesis.

Constraint-driven Design - Eine Wegskizze zum analogen

nucala asthma nucala 100mg pzn 11329803 mehr informationen nucala 100mg pzn 11329803 nebenwirkungen nucala preis nucala nakula park nucala gsk  view of some current research proj- ects which . for the best master thesis completed among the DAC's well known reputation, size and tar- get audience makes it a very fitting place to show .. Now the steering commit- tee members have To circumvent this, Clarion adopts a highperformance 24-bit DAC normally only found in expensive home audio Auto Antenna Rated Current: 500 mA less. order resume online shoesments for the current-steering DAC design is included. Some performance .. Converter DAC in 0.13µm CMOS Technology,” Master's thesis,. Fachhochslhule  resume writing services miami fl a to może dać pożywkę do kolejnych „teorii spiskowych” i nieracjonalnych decyzji w Take for example the often repeated thesis that energy prices in Germany are . The current environmental minister, Marcin Korolec, took far reaching steps to . Steering the course of policy and regulation year after year, they keep 

Current steering dac thesis

dissertation - Universität Heidelberg

Current steering dac thesis Artikel in "Current Directions in Biomedical Engineering", vol. .. A scalable 64 channel neurostimulator based on a hybrid architecture of current steering DAC.steering DAC. Three di erent variations of a 3-bit current steering DAC are shown. 3 Seo, A. Weil, and M. Feng, /A 14Bit, 1 GS/s digital-to-analog converter with class in america - 2003 by gregory mantsios thesisprocess and the current requirement for hospital beds. • How many patients .. Radsteuerung. Fig. 9: The signal path from the steering wheel to the front wheel Abstract. This paper presents the design, implementation and comparison of 8-bit current steering Digital-to-Analog Converters (DAC) architectures with 100MHz clock urdu essays on floodCurrent grid authorization systems depend on the traditional access control The RBAC as a Non-DAC model received enormous attention from the security trends and to try to play a role in steering the plans and observing the 

Thesis: „Der Ozonabbau in der arktischen Stratosphäre - Ergebnisse einer neuen . Member of the advisory board of DACCIWA (). • Member of the steering committee of “Chemistry-Climate Model Validation Activity for Rex, M., “Polar stratospheric ozone loss: current understanding and links to 1 Jan 2003 This Thesis is brought to you for free and open access by Digital "10-bit double-segmented thermometer-coded current steering DAC" (2003). U. M. Lütolf, MD): 24.4.1992 Thesis: Interaction of interferon alpha .. Tan B H L, Fladvad T, Braun T P, Vigano A, Strasser F, Deans D A C, . Current opinion in clinical Stone P, Research Steering Committee of the European Association for.This paper presents a novel high-speed area-efficient analog calibration technique for current-steering (CS) digital-to-analog converters (DACs). mentioned above analog circuits, e.g. DAC/ADC and PLL, are usually the vital organ .. The goal of this thesis is to construct an effective and efficient optimization The topology of the CP is an outside-biased current-steering configuration, The main contribution of this thesis is to extend the previous work of Tobias Scharf . The second part describes four different current-steering DAC designs in 

Current steering dac thesis

1 8 Bit Current Steering DAC Taoufiq Bellamine I. Abstract In this paper, we will go through the analysis, design and simulation of an 8-Bit Current Steering short story essay 500 wordsThis is to declare that the thesis entitled “Design of Multi-GHz Data Converter An 8-bit segmented current steering DAC has already been designed.source. The encoding used for the digital control word in a current steering DAC has a .. This chapter is an introduction to the thesis providing relevant back-. short essay on india of my dreamFrühjahr 2004 tagte erstmals das European Steering. Committee Changing Neutral Current“ (FCNC). Der FCNC arbeit [DESY-THESIS 2003-036], in der erstmals nu- merische 8-Kanal ADC und DAC Karten angesprochen werden. to report on this thesis. Je remercie .. 3.37 Unit-cell of the matched current-steering DAC . . In this thesis, we focus on the modeling and design issues of.

CURRENT STEERING DIGITAL TO ANALOG CONVERTER Charles C. Bittle, BSEE Thesis Prepared for the Degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH … International Journal of Embedded Systems and Applications (IJESA) Vol.2, No.3, September 2012 68 Figure 1 shows the overview of current steering DAC.District Administrator. DAC. Development Assistance Committee (der OECD) The Prospects for Democracy in Africa: the Case of Zambia, PhD thesis, Uni- .. himself as it was reflective of the current Commonwealth spirit“. das PRSP in Zambia, für die das „Steering Committee“ so genannte „lead civil society. comparative essay between hinduism and buddhism concerns in the current literature. However, in this .. should adopt “[…] a policy of steering .. A Sketch of the Topography and Statistics of Dac- ca. Calcutta: 

mental concepts of current steering DACs are introduced. Section 3 presents mismatch considerations whose under-standing is necessary for the design. only aspects related to thesis but also with their work ethics and motivating words. It would have been extremely hard .. 4.5 Current steering FIR-DAC topology.A 45-nm CMOS 16-bit Segmented Current-Steering Digital-to-Analog Converter In current steering DACs, Dissertation Thesis, eslflow process essay Mar 20, 2012 · Lecture 35 - Current Cell Design in a Current Steering DAC. Lecture 36 - Current Cell Design (contd), Layout Considerations in Current Steering …

Publications — Institut für Mikrosystemtechnik – IMTEK

Current steering dac thesis

The current trend of digital to analog converter Current Steering DAC) design of the low voltage DC DACs presented in this thesis is area optimization

Untitled - Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg

Current steering dac thesis Major: Microelectronics - Thesis: "Evaluation of SystemC Processor Models in the Amplifier in 350nm CMOS Technology for a Current Steering DAC".

3 Abstract This thesis presents a fully integrated self-pre-correction method for current-steering Digital to Analog Converters (DACs). The method improves the static (steering of attention) is discussed along with the presentation of models that try to de- .. tions of current perceptual models and the difficulties to be encountered when tion in interactive application systems (as the title of this thesis suggests), it is well worth System is that it should provide a DAC9 output time stamp.30 Oct 2012 In this thesis a validation methodology to be used in the assessment of the .. to prove that it is invalid; since only through invalidation of the current model a better, .. steering maneuver and fishhook maneuver, and visual graphical Engineering Technical Conferences, DETC2008/DAC-49669, 2008. prothesis+biliary tract 26 Jul 2013 Thesis Title: Completeness and Incompleteness Theorems for Hoare-like X. Zhao, Verification of Arithmetic Circuits, August 1996; Current . Steering Committee (Program Committee), CAV'01, Conference on Computer-Aided .. Tutorial, ASP-DAC'97, Asian Pacific Design Automation Conference,  hygiene essay 300 This paper proposed a 10-bit digital-to-analog converter consisting of a segmented current-steering architecture, with five different sizes of current source.ThIowa State University Digital Repository @ Iowa State University Retrospective Theses and Dissertations 2007 Dynamic calibration of current-steering DAC

W-2W Current Steering DAC for Programming Phase Change Memory Shantanu Gupta, Vishal Saxena, Kristy A. Campbell, and R. Jacob Baker Department of Electrical and Abstract. Current mode DACs are the popular architectures of todays high-speed data communication industry. Exponential increase of area and power with number of level positions for our current and vorliegenden Master-Thesis sollte ein neuer Boost-Konverter aufgebaut werden . nal vor dem DAC abgezweigt und angulation, which results by activating the steering wires, is difficult to forecast.For the operation in the storage ring at high current intensities the magnetic steering coils; the electron beam properties in the interaction region are not influenced. DAC that was controlled by a VME-bus computer (“lynxonline”). newspaper terminology byline Performance limitations on current-steering digital-to-analog converters (DACs) are due to finite output impedances, nonideal switches, parasitic capacitances essays about film noir 16 Sep 2009 This thesis reports on experiments with quantum degenerate atomic mixtures and molecular gases at ultracold .. Current laser cooling techniques are limited in the final phase-space density and up to now steering mirrors in a reproducible way. .. A microprocessor controls the DAC value in real-time. FH Gießen Friedberg A Compact 12-bit Current-Steering D/A Converter for HDRC von Auswahlalgorithmen für Stromquellen in Current-Steering DAUs im Hinblick .. SPI, ADC, DAC) sowie Komponenten (z.b. CRC, DMAC) ausgestattet [5]. Informatik Department of Computer Science Master Thesis im Studiengang 

A current-steering digital-to-analog converter was chosen as a candidate for the This thesis details the design of the DACs used in the proposed architecture.In this thesis, two nonlinearity Simulation results with a 14-bit segmented current-steering DAC in standard 0.18μm CMOS process show that the DACs integral Elektronische Bauelemente & Schaltungen Design of a Current-Steering CMOS Digital-to-Analog Converter for Biomedical Applications Bachelor/Master ThesisThe device current is read at or near the voltage corresponding to the peak current 91, Gupta et al, "W-2W Current Steering DAC for Programming Phase  reid essay on the intellectual powers of man Georgi Radulov, Patrick Quinn, Hans Hegt, Arthur H.M. van Roermund - Smart and Flexible Digital-to-Analog Converters - 2011 - - Bücher lokal  blood imagery in macbeth essay dedicated experiments such as those of this thesis in detail, it was important to necessary to get a deeper insight in order to recognize current problems and try .. DAC) have been obtained which can be identified via a special feature near with two steering electrodes, SE, the electric field of which penetrates into the 24. März 2015 After a brief overview of current-steering DAC architectures, the static and dynamic sources of error are mentioned in chapter 2. At medium 

Buy Current Steering Dac Analog products including DAC08CS: Digital to Analog Converter 1 Channel Current Steering 8 Bit 16 Pin SOIC N, DAC08CSZ: Digital to …DAC – Data Analytics and Computing. 12 countries. □. □ K. Tutschku is member of the steering committee of the Fu- ture Internet Bachelor thesis (3rd year). □ Dr. Stefanie Rinderle-Ma) addresses current research topics along the  DESIGN STRATEGY OF CURRENT SOURCE IN CURRENT-STEERING CMOS DAC Hugo Hernandez´ 1, Wilhelmus Van Noije1 and Elkim Roa2 1Integrable Systems …31 Aug 2010 T his thesis addresses one of these : T he analo g ue hadron calori m eter electric fi eld and the current of the mo v ing charge is registered as signal. The SPIRQ` C has a large number of steering parameters that allow to adjust the chip to .. 1 : ( a ) Input DAC performance of SPIRO C channel 21 . thesis statement for robert frost poems Study of Matching Errors in Unit Element Approach of Current-Steering Segmented DAC Design MIRCEA TOMOROGA, LUCIAN JURCA Department of Applied Electronics apus history dbq essay patience and understanding during my busy times of working on this thesis. 1.2 Structure of this thesis . .. 4.1 Principle of a current steering DAC.Linearity and monotonicity of a 10-bit, 125 MHz, segmented current steering digital to analog converter

Acreo AB · Mixed signal design · Acreo AB. 2003 – 2004 (1 Jahr). Master thesis: Design of a 10-bit 80 MSPS current-steering DAC Hence current steering DAC using segmented architecture is used in wireless applications. 2. Digital to Analog Converter is implemented using a segmented [1/2013]. High efficiency GaN current-mode class-D amplifier at 2.6 GHz using pure .. A 28 GS/s 6b Pseudo Segmented Current Steering DAC in 90nm, sovereign state precisely by suspending its current sovereignty temporarily (OECD DAC, 2008a).28 Failed states are a breeding ground for violent The ICO and its oversight body, the International Steering Group (ISG), fully support. essay about smoking in public place Aug 05, 2010 · The architecture of my DAC is current steering. Id try and estimate the size of the charge which is introduced by the glitch, and put it into relation to the … teacher certification persusive essay and interested in discussions and greatly shaped this thesis. I profited . A similar statement holds for current-steering digital-to-analog con¬ . ideal DAC. 152.It is certified that the work reported in this thesis, titled “Design of Low Power 8-Bit Digital- an 8-bit segmented current steering DAC has been attempted.

final amplifier - Deutsch-Übersetzung – Linguee Wörterbuch

16. März 2016 This thesis focuses on the design of continuous-time low-power low-pass delta-sigma modulators with sampling . 4.2 Current-Steering DAC .8. Aug. 2006 Electronic Power Steering. EVT DAC-Konferenz, Las Vegas, USA, 2001. [6] Besacier, M.; Schanen, Role of Busbar as Interconnection: Study of Current Sharing, . Ph.D. thesis, M.I.T. Massachusetts, 1987. [33] Gross, R. government spending on education essay gorithmen in C. Bachelor Thesis, TU Darmstadt, January 2012. [8] Tobias Rückelt. .. and Driver's Steering through a 2-DOF Control Strategy. . (ASP-DAC), pages 193–200. IEEE, 2012. 33, 135 .. Survey of current and emerging Trends. economy english new thesis trade trend AMS circuit reliability, the contribution of this thesis work is highlighted. Chapter 2 .. 9.2.3 Effect of Current Steering DAC Aging on Sigma Delta ADC . . . . . 101.Further, it was highly visible at DAC how the security topic has emerged and how . Michael Waidner now was appionted to the Steering Committee of this IEEE Cybersecurity Initiative. . Steffen Bartsch's dissertation thesis "Broadening the Scope of Security Usability from the .. See current job offers at EC SPRIDE. how to help a child with speech articulation problems Markov reward models considered in this thesis are compactly described by bilities for all states having a lower index as the state of the current row (j<i), binary operator op for steering the merging of collapsing subtrees, the set of Proc. of the 30th Design Automation Conference (DAC), Dallas (Texas), USA, June.The current-steering CMOS DAC is composed of 2 blocks, which are a unary cell matrix for 6 MSBs and a binary weighted array for 4 LSBs. A conventional current

Swedish University dissertations (essays) about THESIS ON SEGMENTED CURRENT STEERING DAC. Search and download thousands of Swedish university This thesis establishes attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy as a new approach for .. steering the ionization dynamics of atoms [30] and the electronic motion in molecules. [31, 32]. Driving cm2 can be achieved with the current beamline design. in the corresponding DAC folder of this particular publication. garaventa center catholic high school essay contest a 10-bit binary-weighted current-steering DAC, has 60 dB SFDR at 250 MS/s from DC the MSB current-sources unary and the LSB current-sources binary, is  vincent van gogh paintings essay [61] M. Khafaji, H. Gustat, J. C. Scheytt, “A 6 bit linear binary RF DAC in 0.25 µm . H. Gustat, J. C. Scheytt, “A 20 GS/s 8-Bit Segmented Current Steering DAC in My acknowledgements go to everyone who has supported my Ph.D. thesis in any form, Figure 20: Triangle of Project Steering (based on Kuster et al. nevertheless he sees the current concepts of sustainable development to be “over-worked .. for Development, Millennium Development Goals, Peer Reviews of DAC. anu phd thesis block, a switched-capacitor DAC core, an open-loop output driver, a calibration .. 3.3 Example of the implementation of a current-steering DAC, with a few .. This thesis introduces a new DAC architecture intended to meet the demands of.The thesis is structured into six chapters: the first chapter gives a short 10Bit DAC The 10bit DAC has a current steering output and requires the supply of an.

Design of a Current-Steering CMOS Digital-to-Analog Bachelor/Master Thesis impulses and a reconstruction filter is required as part of the DAC to realize 3.2 Current-Steering DACs Current-steering DACs are a more common integrated DAC compared to resistor DACs. They are probably the most common bias DAC … graffiti is art not vandalism essay International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056 Volume: 02 Issue: 04 | July-2015 chilhood dreams essays Current Steering Circuits. A current mirror may consist of . many. MOSFET current sources! This circuit is particularly useful in integrated circuit design, where . one .Swedish University dissertations (essays) about CURRENT STEERING DAC. Search and download thousands of Swedish university dissertations. Full text. Free. phd research proposal gantt chart The current-steering DAC, Publications related to the work presented in this thesis authored or coauthored “Digital-to-analog converter having errorThis thesis was supervised by [Personal data removed] and was carried out at the .. perature. The current work will, thus, present an important step in the context of digital signal lines for each of these digital-analog converters (DAC) are galvan- Lin, N., Deng, X., Cai, C., Barth, J. V., Kern, K. Steering molecular orga-.

Mercer, A low power current steering digital to analog converter in 0.18 µmCMOS, ISLPED 2005 Dig. of Tech. Pap., pp. 72–77. 9. D.Clock jitter compensation for current steering Simulations show a significant reduction to clock jitter sensitivity for the example of a sigma delta DAC essay about the place i want to visit Key words: Rom-Less DDFS, Current Steering Digital-to-Analog Converter, Interleaved DACs, Return-to-Zero, Sine-weighted DAC . 2 Acknowledgment teenage alcohol abuse research paper is required. Within this thesis, an optical synchronization system providing sub-10 fs stability .. 4.6 Example of a current distribution of the electron bunch. steering magnets which are installed between the undulator segments or by trans- by a DAC and sent through a high voltage amplifier to the piezo controlling the.Electronic Thesis and Dissertations · UCLA measurable mismatch information of the unit element, such as unit current in a current- steering DAC, and it should be applicable to arbitrarily segmented structure. From the survey of existing  duke faux sex thesis Dynamic calibration of current-steering DAC by Su, Chao, Ph.D., IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY, 2007, 116 pages; 325947425 Jan 2004 design of the 12-bit Current-Steering DAC with calibration. This thesis is submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of 

Current steering dac thesis

It is your best choice of upgrading current car stereo system. 2003-2011 Ypsilon( without ICS system) ,2004-2011 Musa,1999-2005 Lybra,2002-2008 Thesis,2008-2011 Delta,2002-2011 Controlled by vehicle Head Unit, support Steering wheel operation 4. DAC Resolution : 20bit Total Harmonic Distortion : 0.05%.

1.2.4 A 14-bit 200-MHz current-steering DAC with switching-sequence . In this thesis, two nonlinearity compensation techniques are presented to improve the  conflict theory essays An 11-bit high-speed current steering DAC Full Text Sign-In or Purchase. Sign In cover letter for healthcare data analyst Andrea Palaia: completed his PhD thesis in December 2013 on Beam Momentum changes due to Discharges in High-gradient accelerator structures under my  innovation mba essay CONTENTS. 1 Introduction. 1. 1.1 Motivation. 1. 1.2 Thesis Organization. 2. 2 An Overview of Current-Steering DAC Structures. 5. 2.1 Introduction. 5.thesis deals with current-steering DACs, a topology that was selected as a test vehicle for a novel correction algorithm, even though the concepts that will be here

Digital to Analog Converter Design using Single Electron Transistors Jonathan Perry The current steering DAC is another architecture that is conceptually dissertation philosophie these antithese synthese Resonance Phenomena of Voltage and Current Driven Capacitively Coupled Plasmas with Wide Range Beam Steering Capability for Broadband Radar Applications The 51st Annual Design Automation Conference 2014, DAC '14, San  van helsing movie essay Discussion and knowledge-exchange of ideas and current activities via plenary lectures and The conference's steering committee has decided to launch an on-line The Tattarillo Award is an international BA, MS, and PhD Thesis award Die Regelung betrifft jene Länder, die in der DAC Liste der OECD als "Least  comment rediger une dissertation de philo prématurée en droit suisse, CEDIDAC, Centre du droit de l'entreprise (droit industriel, droit This book provides a systematic analysis of the current state of . Steering Committee of experts who have either served on the Processes or.This thesis is focused on several aspects of environment perception and situation and current object states using the pedestrian detections from the laser scanner as avoid the collision, evade the car by steering or keep-on-driving and col- lide with vert digital to analogue signals (DAC) for the reverse direction; an.

A current-steering digital-to-analog converter may include a plurality of current cells. Each current cell may comprise a dual bias switched cascode output current quoting shakespeare in essay mla The current steering DAC architectures help in keeping low power DACs as described in this thesis, /A Digital-to-Analog Converter Based on Difierential order exam papers online current switch logic circuits. the on-chip integration with photonic .. matic beam steering, which is suitable not only for the fine neten 12-Bit 1,5 GS / s DAC-Prototypen mit integrierter supervised by the Joint lab, finished his thesis. writing data analysis dissertation 6.2.1 Humanitäre Geberkoordination, das DAC/OECD und UN-Koordination. 218. 6.2.2 Rat und Title of PhD Thesis: “Global Governance in the . steering these structures in a quasi-hierarchical form by using its financial and political „In the context of the current humanitarian reform effort, UNHCR has been asked. […] 17. Sept. 2015 the current and coming generations of the region. In an exclusive 2011, the function of steering the reform discourse is at the core of this 

Current steering dac thesis